Completed in May 2017, the survey aimed to map the existing wheat-to-bread infrastructure in southern Syria for the purpose of understanding where the current gaps, bottlenecks, and barriers to sufficient production exists. In addition to mapping and laying down the contextual foundation, the assessment included a rapid damage assessment of the infrastructure and an update of the previous work on market flows.
The assessment found gaps in every step of the wheat-to-bread supply line. The south of Syria does not grow enough wheat to be self-sufficient, producing an estimated 80% of its own need in 2016. This gap increases significantly when looking at flour. The assessment suggested that local milling contributes only 15% of the flour needed to serve the population while humanitarian aid meets 30-40%. This suggests that as much as half of total flour need is left unmet. All 94 local councils identified the lack of flour as the biggest challenge to meeting bread need. Infrastructure mapping illustrated that bakery systems in the south have proven relatively resistant to conflict. Distinct regions of interconnected infrastructure centred on private and public bakeries have developed in eastern Dar’a and western Dar’a/Quneitra.