Given the known environmental and geopolitical constraints faced by the agricultural systems in this region, it becomes especially important to consider the role of land quality in the effort to boost productivity for livelihood sustenance. The subject of land degradation is of particular concern in areas with fragile ecosystems, as the decline in soil fertility persistently endangers the income of already resource-poor pastoral and nomadic families. Low soil fertility compounded with inadequate nutrient replenishment can have sustained pernicious impacts on regional agriculture, environment and food security.
The study of dominant soils provides a targeted insight to the specific land management constraints experienced by the agricultural industry in this afflicted region. Understanding the incidence and nature of major agro-ecological zones allows for a holistic and participatory approach to the improvement of soil productivity to meet the food security needs of the affected populations.