April rainfall totals in Syria were largely above average to average compared to the long-term average (LTA) of 2001-2016. However, below average precipitation was observed in large areas of eastern and southern parts of Al-Hasakeh; parts of Rural Damascus, As-Sweida and Homs; and pockets of Aleppo, Ar-Raqqa, Idleb and Deir-ez-Zor governorates. Rainfall amounts were mostly near to below their levels the same month last year across all governorates apart from Quneitra and Tartous where precipitation totals were predominantly higher.
Winter wheat and barley crops, which were planted from November through January, are expected to be harvested from May to July 2017. The ASI for April shows gradual improvements in vegetation conditions in crop-growing areas of Aleppo, Idleb, Hama and Al-Hasakeh compared to the first and second dekads of March when 40-70% of crops in large areas of these governorates were affected by moisture stress. By the last dekad of April, ASI depicted signs of moisture stress persisting in cropland areas across southern part of Idleb and in some parts of central and northern Aleppo. However, it should be noted that with the harvest season approaching, water requirement for cereals becomes lower as crops reach grain filling stage.
Please note that since the ASI is based on remotely sensed data only; there is no confirmation on what crops have been planted.