Rainfall totals in January were generally below the levels measured in the same month last year and slightly below the long-term average (LTA) of the past 16 years. Exceptions to this were seen in Baalbek- Hermel and parts of Akkar governorates, which received above average rains. Rainfall decit could be observed in most productive agricultural areas of Beqaa valley as well. December rains were also below average in most other parts of the country, apart from northeastern Lebanon, where precipitation was above average.
Planting of the 2017 winter grains such as wheat and barley started in mid-October and continued through early January. Harvesting of these crops is expected in mid-June. Lebanon has a mixed pattern of rain-fed and irrigated farming systems, supporting annual and/or perennial crop production. The ASI for January shows progressively increasing vegetation cover in western parts of Akkar and northern governorates where rain-fed cultivation is mostly practiced. A similar trend is also seen in the south and El Nabatieh governorates where fruit and olive trees are dominant. Progressive crop growth was depicted in the southern part of Beqaa and northern part of BaalbekHermel governorates, where cereals are the principal crops grown.
Please note that since the ASI is based on remotely sensed data only; there is no confirmation of what crops have been planted.