Whole of Syria Food Security Cluster Mid-Year Report

About this Project

RFSAN has supported the Whole of Syria Food Security Cluster with the creation of this report. These are the main findings as identified by the Cluster.

  • Food Security Sector partners on average reach 5.7 million people every month with food assistance (food baskets, cash and voucher) and close to a million people until May with livelihood and agriculture assistance.
  • However, shock factors such as besiegement and access constraints, displacements, high food and fuel prices, depreciation of Syrian Pound, poor food availability and consumption, weather conditions, lower crop production/failure and negative coping strategies have increased the needs in the sector since the last estimates in HNO 2016 (September, 2015)
  • As per available data until end of May, the overall sector PiN is estimated to have increased by 8% i.e. from 8.7 million in September 2015 to 9.4 million by June 2016. It is estimated that the number of food insecure people (Category 1) have risen from 6.3 million to 6.7 million (6% increase) and number of people at risk of food insecurity (Category 2) increased from 2.4 million to 2.7 million (13% increase).
  • The Syrian Pound (SYP) reached its lowest value since the start of the conflict in May 2016. The black market exchange rate was 625 pounds to the dollar on 8 May, 2016 compared with 48 pounds a dollar in March 2011.  
  • Overall, between January and March this year, food prices increased in 53 out of 86 (61%) sub-districts where combined information from all sources was available. In the other sub districts prices are still phenomenally high compared to 2015 or before the crisis began. However, the recent price bulletin by WFP indicates that the average cost of a food basket in besieged locations including Deir-ez-Zor has shown a significant decrease in the second quarter of 2016 – due to food assistance reaching these places.
  • In besieged locations many people are eating just one meal a day and cannot access their land and if they can, fuel is in short supply, inputs prohibitively expensive and infrastructure, such as irrigation systems, is often damaged.
  • The Syrian Ministry of Agriculture and Agrarian Reform indicated that this year, about 1 million hectares had been planted with wheat (60:40 irrigation/rain fed) and over 1.1 million hectares had been planted with barley (5: 95 irrigation/rain fed). In comparison with official figures for 2011, this is a 34 percent reduction in area planted with wheat, and a reduction of 15 percent in area planted with barley; and implies lower production of food in the year. The upcoming report from the Crop and Food Security Assessment Mission by FAO and WFP will provide further information.
  • The sharp increase in fodder costs, veterinary medicines, and concentrated feed prices in addition to the insecurity conditions have forced livestock breeders either to sell their animal, or to relocate into more secure areas, which soon became overcrowded with animals. ü  Food Security Sector partners on average reach 5.7 million people every month with food assistance (food baskets, cash and voucher) and close to a million people until May with livelihood and agriculture assistance.
  • However, shock factors such as besiegement and access constraints, displacements, high food and fuel prices, depreciation of Syrian Pound, poor food availability and consumption, weather conditions, lower crop production/failure and negative coping strategies have increased the needs in the sector since the last estimates in HNO 2016 (September, 2015)
  • As per available data until end of May, the overall sector PiN is estimated to have increased by 8% i.e. from 8.7 million in September 2015 to 9.4 million by June 2016. It is estimated that the number of food insecure people (Category 1) have risen from 6.3 million to 6.7 million (6% increase) and number of people at risk of food insecurity (Category 2) increased from 2.4 million to 2.7 million (13% increase).
  • The Syrian Pound (SYP) reached its lowest value since the start of the conflict in May 2016. The black market exchange rate was 625 pounds to the dollar on 8 May, 2016 compared with 48 pounds a dollar in March 2011.
  • Overall, between January and March this year, food prices increased in 53 out of 86 (61%) sub-districts where combined information from all sources was available. In the other sub districts prices are still phenomenally high compared to 2015 or before the crisis began. However, the recent price bulletin by WFP indicates that the average cost of a food basket in besieged locations including Deir-ez-Zor has shown a significant decrease in the second quarter of 2016 – due to food assistance reaching these places.
  • In besieged locations many people are eating just one meal a day and cannot access their land and if they can, fuel is in short supply, inputs prohibitively expensive and infrastructure, such as irrigation systems, is often damaged.
  • The Syrian Ministry of Agriculture and Agrarian Reform indicated that this year, about 1 million hectares had been planted with wheat (60:40 irrigation/rain fed) and over 1.1 million hectares had been planted with barley (5: 95 irrigation/rain fed). In comparison with official figures for 2011, this is a 34 percent reduction in area planted with wheat, and a reduction of 15 percent in area planted with barley; and implies lower production of food in the year. The upcoming report from the Crop and Food Security Assessment Mission by FAO and WFP will provide further information.
  • The sharp increase in fodder costs, veterinary medicines, and concentrated feed prices in addition to the insecurity conditions have forced livestock breeders either to sell their animal, or to relocate into more secure areas, which soon became overcrowded with animals. 

Additional Info

Credits: 
WoS Food Security Cluster

RFSAN (Jordan Office)

26 Bilal Ben Rabah
Shmeisani 11194
Amman

+962 (0)6568 1728

contact@rfsan.info

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